Memories Become Legend

31 Jan

As someone who has been reading The Wheel of Time saga right from the very beginning – that’s almost two dozen years of my life – writing a review of the final book was always going to be a bittersweet experience. Sad, inevitably, because, like it or not, the wheel has finally turned full circle and this really is the end; happy, hopefully, because the series could (and should) go out on a high note. Once I finished reading A Memory of Light I did indeed feel a conflicting range of emotions – but not the ones I was expecting! Yes, there was sadness, yes, there was joy, but there was also irritation, frustration, resentment and more than a little confusion. I purposely avoided Amazon and every other site that might have featured a review of the book until I finished it, for fear of spoilers and other people’s views colouring my own experience of AMOL. Once I did look at the reviews of the finale of the WOT I have to say my confusion only grew. Take the US Amazon page for example – at the time of writing it featured around 400 five-star ratings and 300 one-star ratings! I’ll go into more detail concerning the reasons for this massive diversity of reviews but, suffice to say, I found that I had very little in common with the opinions of those at either end of the spectrum. Instead, I found myself nodding as I read many of the two, three and four-star reviews. If that’s the sort of rating that those of you reading this post gave AMOL then you might agree with a lot of the things that I’m about to say – equally you might find yourself violently disagreeing! Either way, this is my own like-it-or-leave-it, bias-free, non-commercial take on the final volume of the series which, more than any other (sorry George R R Martin fans!), has dominated the fantasy bookshelves for the past two decades.

Towers of Midnight cover


First, let me say a word about the aforementioned Amazon reviews of the book. This is a slight generalization but, for the most part, I found that a lot of the five-star reviews seemed to be praising either the series as a whole, or Brandon Sanderson’s (admittedly laudable) work in tying together the loose threads left by Robert Jordan after his death into a coherent narrative. The one-star reviews, meanwhile, were almost entirely made up of people protesting about the publisher’s decision to delay until spring the release of the e-book version of the novel. Neither of these seem to me to be a particularly valid way to rate AMOL. True, I myself would probably give the WOT series as a whole a better rating than the final book on its own and true, I’m as annoyed as anyone by the commercially motivated decision not to release the print and e-book simultaneously. However, it’s also my view that if you’re going to review a piece of work you should concentrate on the novel in front of you, ignoring what has gone before it as well as any other extraneous issues – so that’s what I’m going to do. I always try to be as positive as I can so I’ll start by looking at what I liked about AMOL.

I definitely liked the first third of the book much more than the final two thirds because, at that early stage, it really seemed to be shaping up to be a humdinger of a finale, as well as delivering on all the promise of the volumes that had gone before. The prologue expertly mixed frenetic action scenes involving relatively minor characters with more slow-moving developments in the meta-plot. Having some characters fight for their lives while others talked and considered weighty matters provided a pleasing contrast. When the major players started to take centre stage we were then treated to some nice character moments – the whole sequence involving the argument between Rand and Egwene at the Field of Merrilor, followed up by the reappearance of Moiraine and ending with the relief of Lan on the Malkier battlefront particularly stands out. The battle scenes, at least early on, were breathtaking – a real sign of Brandon Sanderson playing to his strengths, as well as finally delivering on all of the decades of buildup to the Last Battle. While we’ve seen some terrific action scenes before in the WOT, there is definitely an added edge to the ones in AMOL, given that we know that this is the last book, where no one is guaranteed to survive. After a few pleasingly brutal flourishes that might have impressed even George R R Martin, you are genuinely concerned every single time one of your favourite characters enters the fray – which is, I suppose, exactly how it should be when it comes to a book which is essentially about war. Oh yes, and if you’re a fan of Mat, this is definitely his book. He gets virtually all the best lines as well as stealing almost every scene that he’s in, in much the same way that Tyrion Lannister does in A Song of Ice and Fire.

So far so good, but even the positives that I’ve outlined above carry some hints about the weaknesses of AMOL. Let’s go back to the prologue, where the minor character Talmanes really gets to shine for the first time in the entire series. He fights heroically (killing no less than two Myrddraal on his own!) but then does virtually nothing in the rest of the novel. Had he been killed off at the end of the prologue that would have made more sense and been more fitting. Unfortunately, this is by no means an isolated example. Take Moiraine: yes, her comeback is memorable but after that first scene with Rand, what does she really add to the story? She’s a virtual passenger at Shayol Ghul. Thom Merrilin is one of my favourite characters in the WOT but, given his negligible impact on AMOL I really don’t know why he was included in this book at all. Another of my favourite characters, Padan Fain, makes such an insultingly brief appearance at the end of AMOL that I wonder why he was kept alive beyond The Shadow Rising – I mean, what did he meaningfully contribute to the series after that book? Slayer, meanwhile, was also kept long past his sell-by date. Whilst his Wolf Dream battles with Perrin were undoubtedly one of the highlights of Towers of Midnight, here they just feel like a tired re-tread and the conclusion of their personal feud feels hugely anti-climactic. Proof, if any were needed, that when it comes to the WOT, more is very often less.

Apart from Fain and Slayer, the other villains in AMOL were equally disappointing. Demandred, supposedly one of the greatest tacticians who ever lived, couldn’t work out that Rand – the Dragon Reborn, fated to battle the Dark One and all that – is in Shayol Ghul, erm, fighting the Dark One!?! As far as Moridin/Ishamael is concerned, it turns out that he wasn’t really bothered about serving the Dark One and destroying the Dragon after all, he just wanted to cash in his chips – a very dubious motivation, which wasn’t sign-posted at all in the previous thirteen books. As for Moghedien being caught and collared by the Seanchan, hang on – wasn’t that exactly what happened to Elaida in an earlier volume!?! The Dark One himself should have been much more scary and memorable, not just a disembodied voice philosophising endlessly with Rand in a cave. In fact one of the best potential villains was Tuon, a thoroughly unlikable character whose ‘romance’ with Mat is totally unbelievable. Not exploiting her full potential for villainy by getting her to betray her fragile allegiance to the side of Light was, I feel, a missed opportunity.

Then we come to the ‘heroes’ who died: Egwene, Suian, Gareth Bryne, Gawyn, Davram Bashere and Rhuarc. All of these deaths in AMOL have one thing in common – they were so clumsily handled that I felt absolutely nothing (other than a mild sense of irritation at the ineptitude of the writer). I really did come to this book ready to weep like a baby, especially following all of Sanderson’s tweets and hints that this is exactly what might happen to readers, but in the event I was barely moved. In particular, the fate of Rand himself felt like a massive let-down. Throughout the WOT, you feel that the series is leading up to his eventual death. Whilst his survival at the end of AMOL is not a problem in and of itself, his entire role in the book is very questionable. After the ‘last debate’ scene, he virtually disappears from the action and instead has a jolly-old philosophical discussion with the Dark One for six hundred pages while his allies are fighting and dying around him. At the end of the book not only does Rand survive, he has the god-like ability to light his pipe with a thought and is pondering which one of the three women who are after him he will end up with! Maybe I’m old-fashioned but I’ve always been uncomfortable with this particular love quadrangle and, even leaving this aside, there seems to be very little that is heroic about Rand’s actions in AMOL. To me, Rand’s survival is also one of several fairly heavy hints that AMOL is by no means an end to the WOT saga.

A lot of people have commented on the lack of resolution to the finale of the WOT. Once the Last Battle is over, AMOL ends rather abruptly. On one level, this might simply be viewed as Sanderson wanting to get things over and done with, presumably tired after having spent the majority of the last five years finishing off the work of another author while having a number of his own projects underway (The Stormlight Archive for example). However, a careful reading reveals that AMOL does a lot to set up the world of the WOT post-Tarmon Gai’don. After the defeat of the Shadow, having taken relatively minor losses, the Seanchan are perfectly placed to conquer – if, that is, they choose to ignore that pesky Dragon’s peace that they signed up to (not a huge barrier, one might think). How will the Aiel adapt to their role as upholders of the Dragon’s peace and, perhaps more pertinently, how will the other nations react to them doing so? Will the Borderlands unite under one banner – that of Lan and Malkier – following their horrendous losses during the Last Battle? Will the White and Black Towers be reconciled?  Will the Two Rivers secede from Andor? Despite the deaths I mentioned above, most of the main players are still alive, mostly quite young, and occupy central roles in the world – Rand, Mat, Perrin, Nynaeve, Lan, Thom, Moiraine, Loial, Elayne, Aviendha, Min, Galad etc. Significantly, there is no Harry Potter-style ‘twenty years later’ chapter, showing things neatly wrapped up for all of the remaining characters. To me, all of this points pretty heavily to the fact that the publishers are far from done with milking this particular cash-cow and that further WOT-universe novels are planned. Needless to say, I for one won’t be buying!

So what went wrong? Inevitably – and this is no one’s fault – the death of James Rigney/Robert Jordan hangs heavily over this last book (even more so than it did over The Gathering Storm and Towers of Midnight). To me, this very much feels like Sanderson’s conclusion to the WOT saga rather than Jordan’s. It has not been lost on most people that many of the best scenes/sub-plots in AMOL involve minor characters like Talmanes and, especially, the Asha’man Androl, all of whom were either introduced or given important roles for the first time by Sanderson rather than Jordan. The last two thirds of the book are basically non-stop fighting – another signature of Sanderson’s style. Whilst he is very good at action scenes, the trouble with Sanderson in this respect is that he doesn’t seem to know that you can have too much of a good thing. I personally felt physically (rather than emotionally) drained after reading AMOL because of the relentless battle scenes – at times I felt like I’d been pounded by the One Power myself! Not only did the endless fighting just get boring after a while, it seemed to leave no room for smaller, character-driven scenes. A lot of the deeper themes in the series which Jordan originally introduced – what power does to people, the inevitability of fate, past lives, the dual nature of life and the cosmos – were totally lost in AMOL. Also, annoyingly, Sanderson seemed to either ignore or pay lip service to the many omens, prophecies, visions and viewings peppered throughout the preceding thirteen books. The resolution of these mysteries was one of the things that I was most looking forward to in AMOL but I still am none the wiser about, for example, who exactly ‘The Broken Wolf’ referred to in the Dark prophecy at the end of TOM was. Again, it may be that matters like this will be addressed in the inevitable WOT spin-off series but this seems lazy to say the least.


I’m aware that much of what I’ve said above is quite negative but, like a lot of people, I came to AMOL with expectations that were (perhaps unfairly) sky-high. My investment of time in the WOT over the years has been so great that (to paraphrase Tolkien) Jordan/Sanderson had incurred some pretty substantial narrative debts that I was really expecting to be paid off – with interest! I also came to AMOL with the experience of having read a number of truly great conclusions to some of my other favourite fantasy sagas – The Return of the King, The Deathly Hallows, To Green Angel Tower, Fool’s Fate etc – and was expecting nothing less from the WOT. In the end, although I was in many ways disappointed with what I got, it’s worth saying that I did still feel a definite sense of loss – as if I knew that there was an old friend whom I was never going to see again, at least not in the same way (gulp). Hang on, I think those tears may come after all…

15 Responses to “Memories Become Legend”

  1. Lois January 31, 2013 at 9:46 am #

    Great review – I haven’t read the books (yet) so I skipped some of what I feared might be spoilers (thanks for warning me!) I totally understand that sense of loss at the end of a wonderful book… some books can be revisited and enjoyed again but in a different way, others just can’t be returned to, can they?

  2. Jake Bonsignore January 31, 2013 at 11:13 am #

    I have made it a point to read the Wheel of Time series ever since I was a 16 year old working in Barnes & Noble, assigned the fantasy section (my favorite, too!) and saw just how incredibly LONG and detailed the books and the series were.

    I read a lot and don’t get me wrong, most of the stuff I read is excellent! However, everything lately just seems a little bit … pale … in comparison to the Wheel of Time series. I mean, to draft up a world that spans in excess of 10,000 pages and 15 books (including New Spring) is just, well, legendary.

    One of those five-star reviews is probably from me. I just wish the series hadn’t ended, but I can definitely see them weaving other tales in the future (especially with Moghedien, Graendal, and maybe something with Machin Shin, which I don’t think ever resolved). However, I don’t see the likelihood of that.

    Great that you loved te series as much as I did 🙂

  3. bwfoster78 January 31, 2013 at 2:47 pm #

    Nice review; I enjoyed it.

    I chose, as you did, to review the book rather than the series or make a political statement. On the other hand, those making either of those two choices didn’t bother me quite as much as it did you. Really, who is not going to buy this book if they’ve already invested in the reading the rest of the series?



  4. kotaotan January 31, 2013 at 3:59 pm #

    Very nice review and very in depth! I had a few thoughts on it thought, so spoilers ahead.

    I think Moridin’s desire to end the turning of the Wheel was foreshadowed in a previous book. He’d mentioned the other Forsaken actually believed the Dark One would remake the world while Moridin KNEW he wouldn’t. His knowing said to me that he wanted it to end. I actually think most everything from the book was telegraphed fairly well in advance.

    I do agree that the end of the book was felt rushed. There are sections that could have been cut and more added to the end in my opinion. The biggest disappointment for me was Padin Fain becoming a non-entity in the narrative. We had all this set up, all the menace and implied danger and then Mat just up and kills him with no problem. THAT was my single biggest complaint about AMoL.

  5. Janet Sketchley January 31, 2013 at 9:37 pm #

    Well-thought-out, in-depth review! I’m sorry the book wasn’t what you were hoping for. We all had such long-built-up hopes.

    Spoiler comments next:

    I have to say, it really worked for me and I’d be a 5+ star reviewer but haven’t been able to articulate a proper review. I’m glad the series didn’t end with a tidy synopsis of where everyone is in the future, because this way we can imagine it for ourselves. [And I hope commercial greed doesn’t spawn another series.]

    I think some of what you identified as not living up to its potential, like Talmanes’ surviving the first battle and Moiraine at the battle, were more about letting us have a few moments with our “friends” again, and in Talmanes’ case, a bit of light and hope as we entered this huge dark story. There was so much darkness, the light made it easier. Thom’s role at the end was a cameo, true, but it was so like him — doing something important while he looked like he was harmless.

    I thought I’d be sadder at the ending, but I was amazed by how much hope was left and how many people survived. And Egwene’s death… well played.

    Moridin… well, his attitude made sense to me and I thought we’d seen it coming. And Padan Fain worked precisely because it wasn’t what we expected (and because I didn’t want to spend any time with him). Mat did have most of the best lines… although Moiraine had a great one I can’t remember. The Hinderstap people were a neat twist. I hope their village is free now instead of just destroyed when the bubble around it collapsed.

    Epic series… well done overall… and I doubt I’ll read its match.

  6. Dennis Wright February 1, 2013 at 2:15 pm #

    You have zeroed in on the failings of AMoL, although I think you may have been a tad too negative.

    I mostly enjoyed the book, even if I was feeling a bit battle fatigued by the end, and my feelings on listening to the final seconds (I read it on Audible) were that it had brought the series to a decent and appropriate ending.

    As is often the case, the misgivings started to surface later, after some reflection. For the most part my grumbles echo yours. In fairness to Brandon Sanderson, he had the challenging task of reining in that ever sprawling jungle of plot threads and loose ends Jordan had bequeathed him, while constrained by Jordan’s now sacrosanct remaining notes, outlines and sections of finished prose. I’m guessing Jordan’s death protected his surviving text from the editing process in a way that would not have happened had he lived. I appreciate Sanderson had three large tomes to work within, but his “loose ends to be tied up” list must have been daunting and it was inevitable he would be forced into some ugly tricks to get them all crossed off by the end, if indeed he managed to nail them all.

    The Egwene arc in particular shocked me. It’s not that her death was not in some way fitting or suitably heroic. It’s just that it was her heart-warming rise to power, from Wisdom’s apprentice in backwater village, to the youngest and noblest Amyrlin in White Tower history, that kept me following the series through its baggiest and most tedious phase. I had looked forward to re-reading the whole series again, from TEoTW, but the Egwene arc is now forever soured for me, knowing she doesn’t make it through. Nor do I think she is properly mourned in the book. Rand, Mat et al all had their “No, not Egwene!” moments in the immediate aftermath but she is then forgotten, almost callously.

    I suspect the trouble is that Jordan’s coda, which became the Epilogue to AMoL, focused on Rand’s devious escape and none of the characters were talking or thinking about Egwene (unless you count selection of her successor), and Sanderson of course couldn’t change it. Egwene’s death itself was no doubt pre-ordained by Jordan and there was no point in the narrative to squeeze in a moment of due collective grief. Sanderson’s hands were tied in a way that Jordan’s would not have been had he survived to be involved in the final editing process.

    • ashsilverlock February 1, 2013 at 5:04 pm #

      Totally agree – even about me being a tad negative 😉

  7. jaschmehl February 1, 2013 at 3:02 pm #

    A great review, although I agree with Mr. Wright: a tad negative. 🙂

    I just can’t help but feel sympathy for Sanderson, (a great writer) having to deal with the legacy of Jordan, (a good writer) and that, for good or bad, tainted my reading of the book.

    I enjoyed it, but it was exhausting, and I’m sort of glad the whole thing is over. I’ve been reading this story for twenty years, it felt good to finally close the last cover, put the book on the shelf with the others, and move on.

  8. hippogriff February 6, 2013 at 6:44 am #

    I know you’ve been over to see my review, because you liked it 😉 Everything you’ve put into words here is pretty much everything I wanted to say, but I couldn’t summon up the energy after such an exhausting read…plus I was afraid I’d be too negative. As far as I’m concerned, you really nailed it.

    In that light, I don’t think you’re being too negative at all. The problems for me stem from 3 sources: 1) Sanderson is one of my favorite writers; 2) Towers of Midnight, at least for me, set the bar really high; and 3) as I writer, I can see what I would have done differently in MoL. My psyche screams for me to re-write the book, as my own personal fan fiction, just so it can turn out the way I wanted. Is that conceited or what? I just really don’t agree with many of the decisions made. Ultimately where the book suffers most is in the Epilogue. That’s where you can deftly handle the grief, say goodbyes, tie up the loose threads, and hint at things to come. That’s where I should have had tears rolling down my face, knowing I’d never see these characters again, but it was far too abrupt and, dare I say, detached? Anyway, nice job on the review!

  9. Nada Faris February 28, 2013 at 8:33 am #

    I’m a HUGE WoT fan and I literally cried and boycotted the series for a while when Moiraine “died.” But you’re absolutely right about her role in this book. It left me hollow. I mean like reaaaaally Sanderson?? That’s all Jordan planned for her? But the last three books did feel like a major departure from Jordan’s writing. I couldn’t help but feel like Jordan’s friend was telling me what happened to people I grew to love as we sat around a coffee table rather than losing myself in the world of WoT.

    Oh well. May he RIP knowing that he will never be replaced.

  10. leinadflip February 28, 2013 at 4:10 pm #

    I think you hit the nail on the head when you said the death of Robert Jordan is what went wrong. I love Brandon Sanderson, and honestly, I think he did an amazing job, but there was only so much he could do. I researched a lot on what he had to work with, and surprisingly, it wasn’t much. He had the resources of Team Jordan, and he had a lot of random notes that RJ had made, but there was no point by point outline to follow. I think he was mostly winging it.

    My understanding is the Epilogue was written almost completely by Jordan, so they definitely wanted to use that, and Sanderson did his best to work toward that. To be honest, I would’ve preferred they used that as a last chapter, and then given me the 20 years down the road epilogue you talked about.

    I think Jordan knew where he was going, but as he wrote, wasn’t always sure the path he would take to get there. I love this series, but at a certain point I became exasperated every time new characters and plot lines were introduced. Had RJ survived till the end, I’ve no doubt he would’ve tied off every viewing Min ever had. Fain would’ve played a much bigger role. We also might have had a 20 book series (I would’ve bought them all). The fact is, though, he didn’t survive, and so we have to accept that.

    I’d be amazed if there were anymore WOT novels, regardless of what the publisher wants. I think Jordan’s widow has a pretty iron-clad lock on the rights, and judging from what Sanderson has said, he feels it would be exploiting Jordan’s legacy, rather than honoring it to write more. Who knows what might happen, though. Maybe we will see more WOT books. I think I’d be okay with that. Jordan is a master world builder, and this world is both huge and strictly defined. Great authors could work in this space with new characters, and as long as they didn’t alter the world itself too much — I’d buy that first book at least.

    Anyway, great post. Really enjoyed your take on the novel.

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